Discussion between Language and Culture Relationship: Evidence from Vietnam and Southeast Asian Country (Malaysia)
Cultural norms play a crucial role in individuals' ability to navigate and thrive within cultures, and the acquisition of language can exert a notable influence on these norms. The emphasis on contemporary studies and experienced policymakers is necessary in addressing this problem. Therefore, this article aims to examine the influence of second language acquisition on individuals' understanding of religious beliefs, social behavior, and cultural traditions and customs. Additionally, it explores how these factors contribute to the cultural diversity in Vietnam and other South Asian countries such as Malaysia. This paper examines the potential mediating influence of knowledge pertaining to religious beliefs, social behavior, traditions, and customs on the relationship between second language acquisition and cultural enrichment in the contexts of Vietnam and Malaysia. The primary data for this study was acquired through the use of survey questionnaires administered to students and teachers in second-language learning institutions located in Vietnam and Malaysia. The study additionally examines the relationships between factors using smart-PLS. The results indicate that the acquisition of a second language has a notable and statistically significant influence on individuals' understanding of religious beliefs, social conduct, and cultural practices in Vietnam. However, the impact of second language learning on knowledge of traditions and customs in Malaysia is deemed to be inconsequential. The findings also revealed that the understanding of religious beliefs, social behavior, and cultural traditions plays a significant mediating role in the relationship between second language learning and cultural richness in Vietnam. However, the understanding of traditions and customs does not have a significant mediating effect on the relationship between second language learning and cultural richness in Malaysia. The outcomes serve as a guiding framework for policymakers in formulating policies pertaining to the promotion of cultural enrichment through the implementation of efficient second language acquisition methods, as well as the cultivation of a comprehensive understanding of religious beliefs, social norms, and traditional practices.